What are dietary supplements and we have a really vital material shortage?

Dietary supplements are among the foods contain nutrients and as we know from the daily diet. As the name suggests, they are designed to supplement the overall diet. The amount of nutrients provided in, for example, capsules, lozenges or tablets is governed by the concentrations of these substances in natural foods. As nutrients, especially vitamins, minerals and trace elements and botanicals, such as aloe vera or lemon can be used.

A third of the German population is already taking a dietary supplement, says Kirstin Becker, pharmacist and director of the Medical Sciences for food and cosmetics at Merz Consumer Care GmbH She is also responsible for the formulation development of dietary supplements. “Today’s food supply has certainly possible to eat a balanced diet and include all categories of nutrients sufficient,” she admits. “The reality, however, shows that, for example, about 60 percent of Germans eat too little fruit – based on the recommendations of the DGE, And even 87 percent too few vegetables”.


For whom supplements are useful?

According to Kirstin Becker especially groups of people who have a high nutrient requirement, such as athletes, the elderly, shift workers, pregnant and nursing women, or people with weakened. “Furthermore, some people due to the modern lifestyle, for example by stress or fast food an increased need for specific nutrients.” This includes their view:


Iodine is a nutritional risk in the German population. If no iodized salt is used in the household, less than 96 percent of men and 97 percent of women the recommendation for iodine intake. Especially for pregnant women and younger women is an adequate supply important.

Folic acid

When folic acid 79 percent of men and 86 percent of women do not achieve the recommended intake. Particularly affected are the elderly, especially for pregnant this nutrient is important.

Vitamin D

Following the latest scientific findings, the German Society for Nutrition has raised the recommended vitamin D requirement from 5μg to 20μg! This has the consequence that a total. 82 percent of adult men and 91 percent of women do not achieve the recommended daily intake of vitamin D. Are most marked differences in adolescents / young adults as well as seniors.


Another critical nutrient is calcium: Of the female adolescents (14-18 years) less than 74 percent of the recommendation for calcium intake. In older men and women (65-80 years) affects the 61 to 65 percent.